Factories And Plants

JULY 2021

You can't learn this at university
Professionals with unique skills at Moscow factories

The Unified Rating and Skills Guide for Jobs and Occupations of Manual Workers states there are more than 7 000 professions in Russia. Even this list does not cover all areas of expertise needed by factories and production facilities. Our guests, employees of the capital's production companies, are telling us about their unique jobs.
AIRCRAFT ENGINE BLADES POLISHER
Nikolay Bukalov,
V.V. Chernyshev Moscow Mechanical Engineering company:
"It is unreal to acquire this skill at the university or from textbooks. You can develop necessary skills only when becoming an apprentice of an experienced master right on the production line. And even so, learning a new profession is challenging; only 10 out of 20 apprentices succeed. An aero-engine blade is a core part of a turbine and must be mirror-smooth in order to work efficiently. When the engine is installed in the aircraft, each turbine blade experiences pressures of nearly 9 tons. If a blade is defective, it will be torn apart and will cause engine break down, and lead to a crash. There are about 2000-2500 blades in the engine, depending on how the power unit has been modified. Each of them undergoes multiple stages of treatment, multilevel control, and testing. The polisher not only makes blades mirror-smooth but also maintains their geometry accurate up to micron. A tiny bit of excess pressure can cause blades to be discarded. It's very delicate work! It takes a lot of diligence and concentration. I am proud of my factory and of my profession, which is the greatest achievement of my life. I feel like a blade-like detail, which is small but extremely vital and indispensable in the lifecycle of a massive, colossal mechanism."
V.V. CHERNYSHEV MME IS AN AIRCRAFT ENGINES ENGINEERING COMPANY WITHIN THE UNITED ENGINE CORPORATION (UEC) OF ROSTEC STATE CORPORATION
ELEVATOR TESTER
Valentin Kozlov,
Shcherbinsky Liftostroitelny Zavod:
"I am an Installation and Commissioning Manager in a testing center. Basically, I am an elevator test rider. It is a genuinely rare job. I've been working at the factory for 15 years. I came to the testing center and stayed here.

My job is to perform durability tests on elevators. If an elevator operates in normal mode during testing techniques, carried out in accordance with GOST requirements (GOST is a set of technical standards for organizations operating under the auspices of the CIS), we approve mass production and use of elevators. At first glance, this profession seems very complex. In reality, it is not complex but includes different activities. I deal with new tasks every day.

We examine everything: sensors, controllers, safety gears, a counterweight, we check every inch in the elevator cabin, pull winches, control station, and check the accuracy of cables connections… We try to simulate all the emergency situations that might happen during elevator exploitation. Every detail is critical in order to make an elevator safe for riders. I am very proud of what I do and I love my job. This is what really matters for me."
SHCHERBINSKY LIFTOSTROITELNY ZAVOD IS THE LARGEST DEVELOPER AND PRODUCER OF ELEVATOR EQUIPMENT IN RUSSIA
SEWING HAND FINISHER
Oksana Mayerina,
Cheremushki company:
"I make shoulder straps sets for women's lingerie. It is a peaceful job involving accuracy and skill. I'm the only worker responsible for this portion of work in the company. Apart from sewing the straps, I manually mark molded bra cups to enable symmetrical stitching of other parts. I enjoy my work, I've already been here for 16 years."
CHEREMUSHKI IS THE BIGGEST RUSSIAN PRODUCER OF UNDERWEAR, SWIMWEAR, BEACH AND HOME WEAR FOR WOMEN
MATERIAL ENGINEER
Igor Bukharin,
CNIITMASH (Central Research Institute of Mechanical Engineering Technologies):
"I am a material engineer. I graduated from the National University of Science and Technology MISiS, defended my thesis and now I'm pursuing my postgraduate studies at the National Research University "MPEI" (Moscow Power Engineering Institute). This is the fifth year of my employment at CNITTMASH, which is the material engineering parent organization of Rosatom. I work as a researcher at the corrosion testing laboratory. It encompasses deep scientific research as well as practical exploitation tasks.

Nuclear power facilities have high safety standards. Materials being used onsite must maintain their qualities for many years, and for that reason, stainless steel is widely used on the premises. Even this type of material can be prone to local types of corrosion while these defects may lead to fatal consequences. Therefore, all the stainless-steel lines are tested in our lab before joining the production cycle.

I like my profession because it allows me to work with real physical objects and to cope with challenging tasks set by operational problems, in order to ensure the safety of sophisticated equipment operation. There are also scientific tasks to solve which will lead to better corrosion protection and corrosion monitoring."
CNIITMASH IS A PARENT COMPANY, SPECIALIZED IN THE SCIENCE OF MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY, WITHIN THE ROSATOM STATE CORPORATION
ACCORDING TO THE RUSSIAN PUBLIC OPINION RESEARCH CENTER,
35%
OF RUSSIANS FIND THEIR WORK INTERESTING
WOOD PATTERN MODELLER
Yuri Pushkov,
F. Korotkov R&D enterprise Temp:
"I've been in love with wood since I was at school, from the woodwork classes. In my childhood years, I attended modeling workshops, made wooden airplanes and sailboat models. When I graduated from school, I took lessons on cabinetmaking, and when finished my military service I learned to be a wood patterns modeler. By now I've been in this profession for over 15 years and enjoy it.

Using woodworking machines and simple cutting instruments, I produce working models and separate details of core boxes and wooden prototypes, as well as templates of any complexity in accordance with design-engineering technical drawings. These parts are used in combat aviation systems. It is very responsible and significant work!"
F. KOROTKOV R&D ENTERPRISE TEMP IS A MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPANY SPECIALIZED IN DEVELOPMENT OF HYDROMECHANICAL AND ELECTRICAL UNITS AS PARTS OF AUTOMATIC CONTROL AND AIRCRAFT ENGINE FUEL SYSTEMS
PVC-PROFILES QUALITY CONTROL LAB ASSISTANT
Maksim Mosin,
VEKA Rus company:
"Plastic windows are made of PVC profiles which must meet high-quality standards. The quality control laboratory is equipped with expensive and complex machinery used for different tests. A PVC profile is tested there and approved or disapproved for window production. That is the job of a quality control laboratory assistant. For instance, in order to test the high-temperature resistance of a PVC profile, it is placed inside a cabinet oven similar to those used for making pizzas. Before durability tests, control pieces are kept in freezers for two hours and then a metal block is dropped on it from 1.5 meters. There are nearly 30 different tests, including color and gloss checks, Charpy fracture toughness, and joints elasticity control. A lab assistant should be well-educated in physics, chemistry, and be able to use specialized computer applications. Also, laboratory assistant should be neat, disciplined, and observant so that VEKA window profiles will always be of the best quality".
VEKA RUS IS A SUBSIDIARY PRODUCTION COMPANY OF VEKA AG, ONE OF THE WORLD'S LEADING COMPANIES SPECIALIZED IN DEVELOPMENT AND PRODUCTION OF WINDOW AND DOOR SOLUTIONS FROM HIGH-QUALITY PLASTIC
E-mail: pressprom@mos.ru
Audience: 16+