AREA OF DEVELOPMENT

June 2021

Industrial symbiosis
at Kalundborg
eco-industrial park

KALUNNBORG, DENMARK
The Kalundborg Eco-Industrial Park strives to unite commercial and public companies into a single system. Together, the companies can create closed production cycles.
400 HA OF DEVELOPMENT;
25 RESOURCE TYPES IN A RENEWABLE PRODUCTION CYCLE;
24 M EURO – OF ANNUAL SAVINGS.
HISTORY
The industrial park history began in 1959, when Danish company Asnæs constructed a power plant there. The world's first eco-symbiosis within an industrial park was started in 1972 on the base of the Asnæs Power Station and gypsum manufacturer Gyproc. The creation of the Tidewater Oil Company's first gas pipeline network in the park led to a mutually beneficial business collaboration with Asnæs Power Station and Gyproc.
PARTICIPANTS
  • Asnæs Power Station;
  • Gyproc, a manufacturer of gypsum building materials;
  • Statoil, an oil refining company;
  • Novo Nordisk, a pharmaceutical plant;
  • Argo, a waste recycling company;
  • Novoren, a waste recycling company;
  • The Kalundborg administration.
IT CONTAINS:
  • PRODUCTION FACILITIES
  • A LAKE
  • WASTE RECYCLING ENTERPRISES
  • WATER TREATMENT FACILITIES
  • POWER PLANTS AND BIOMASS ENERGY PRODUCTION
9 RESIDENTS, INCLUDING:
  • 6 PRIVATE COMPANIES;
  • 3 PUBLIC ORGANIZATIONS;
  • OVER 5,000 JOBS
Later, other companies entered this symbiosis, creating additional exchange chains of various resources and recycled materials. Each chain created is assessed for economic feasibility and relevance.

Today, the symbiosis cycle includes more than 50 exchange chains. There are 22 closed-loop chains of three types: water reuse, energy reuse and waste recycling. The efficiency is confirmed by the resource surplus: the park supplies the surrounding areas.
PARK HISTORY
1959
Commissioning of the Asnæs Power Station and the opening of the industrial park.
1972
Launch of the Gyproc gypsum production, commissioning of the Tidewater Oil Company gas pipeline. Start of industrial symbiosis.
1973–1990
Industrial symbiosis included such companies as Novo Nordisk, Statoil, Frederica, etc. Partnership between local farms and pharmaceutical company Novo Nordisk, the producer supplying fertilizers.
1993–1995
Biofuels, industrial water treatment and recycling systems were introduced.
1996
The Symbiosis Institute partnership was established to encourage companies' collaboration and cyclical relationships.
2004
As part of the PPP between the Kalundborg administration and the Novozymes company, a water treatment plant was launched. It produced highly-purified water to meet drinking standards. Water consumption in the industrial park was reduced.
2017
The eco-industrial park transition to fully renewable energy sources.
2018
The park received the Gothenburg Sustainability Award 2018.
Olga Zemtsova
Head of CBRE Strategic Consulting:
"Environmentally responsible countries have been working on ideas to compensate for the impact of industrialization and urbanization since the 40s of the last century. The best option is not the elimination of consequences, but the exploitation of those as part of production cycles, turning waste from one production site into raw materials for another.

In 2019, the Baltic Industrial Symbiosis (BIS) international project was initiated in Russia to create a site in the Clean Technologies Industrial Park near the city of Kolpino. There, participants from Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden and Poland will experiment on integrating their production cycles to create new industrial ecosystems based on the principles of energy efficiency and resource conservation".